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Abstract

David Vilar, Hermann Ney, Alfons Juan, Enrique Vidal. Effect of Feature Smoothing Methods in Text Classification Tasks. Proc. of the 4th Int. Workshop on Pattern Recognition in Information Systems (PRIS 2004), 2004. pp. 108-117.

The number of features to be considered in a text classification system is given by the size of the vocabulary and this is normally in the range of the tens or hundreds of thousands even for small tasks. This leads to parameter estimation problems for statistical based methods and countermeasures have to be found. One of the most widely used methods consists of reducing the size of the vocabulary according to a well defined criterion in order to be able to reliably estimate the set of parameters. In the field of language modeling this problem is also encountered and several smoothing techniques have been developed. In this paper we show that using the full vocabulary together with a suitable choice of the smoothing technique for the text classification task obtains better results than the standard feature selection techniques.